Extras - Dictionary

Small Aikido Dictionary

Aikido: „way of harmoniced ki“

the ki of uke and tori becomes one, because of toris reaction on the attack; aiki-techniques are using this to take ukes balance

Budo: this word includes all asian martial-arts, and the most important attitude is „do“, the way of developing your whole personality

Dojo: training room for martial-arts

Tatami: mats (usually rice-straw mats as you can find in traditional japanese houses)

Onegai shimasu:

„I want to learn.“
To say goodby:
Domo arigato gozaimashita:

„Thank You very much.“
Uke: attacker

Tori: defender

Tai Sabaki: going out of the way

Irimi: „Step in“ , it’s a tai sabaki with entering uke’s space

Tenkan: „Turn“ , tai sabaki with 180°-turn, feet at the end in zenkuzudachi-position

Henka: „Change“ , tai sabaki with 180°-turn, feet at the end together in T-position (tori changes his direction and which foot is in front)

Zenkuzudachi: feet in standing position of a big step, 70% of body weight is on the front foot

Irimi-Tenkan: very common tai sabaki; first irimi, then tenkan

Tai-no-Tenkan: irimi-tenkan-exercise; with or without a partner

Suwari Waza: uke and tori are moving on their knees

Hanmi Hantachi Waza:

uke attacks from standing position, tori is moving on his knees
Tachi Waza: both partners start in standing position

Seiza: sitting on the knees

Shikko: moving on the knees

Tsugi Ashi: slide-step

Ukemi: rolling and falling exercises

Mae/ Ushiro/ Yoko - Ukemi:

ukemi to the front/ back/ side
Mae mawate Ushiro Ukemi:

to roll forwards and turn backwards
Tachi Dori: weapon-training (uke attacks with a knife/ sword/ stick: Tantodori, Kendori, Jodori)

Tanto: wooden knife for training

Bokken: wooden sword, form and length like the japanese katana

Jo: stick, length 1,20m

Iaito: sword (steel)

Iaido: („art of drawing the sword“) form of budo where sword katas are exercised with katana or iaito

Kata: way of exercising a technique in tachidori in a fixed form, like in Tai Chi or Karate Do (also with partner)

Go Tae: the technique is started from a static position, with strong grip

Ju Tae: the technique is exercised in a dynamic way before uke manages to grap

Ki-no-nagare: techniques are exercised fluidly based on ki

Zanshin : „extended breath“,  concept of extend toris reach by using breath and intention (usually in direction of the fingertips)

Kokyu:  „power of breath“, uses the breathing in a way, that the techniques are done by intention and ki – and not by muscle power (for instance Kokyunage)

Nage:  throw (for instance Koshinage: hip-throw)

Koshi: hip

Te: hand

Kote: wrist

Hiji: elbow 

Kata: shoulder

Eri: collar

Mune: chest

Kubi: neck

Sode: sleeve

Ryo: both/ both sides (for instance: Ushiro Ryo Hiji Dori: uke graps both elbows from behind)

Kakae Dori: clutch (uke clasps tori from behind)

Futari Gake: two ukes are holding tori

Randori: several ukes are attacking

Jiu waza: free technique (tori shows different techniques of his choice)

Henka Waza:  interlinked techniques